Facebook and Instagram prohibit any convicted sex offender from accessing or contributing to their websites. Identical offenses committed in different states may produce different outcomes in terms of public disclosure and registration period. Megan's mother, Maureen Kanka, started to lobby to change the laws, arguing that registration established by the Wetterling Act, was insufficient for community protection. In the modern world of technology, many jurisdictions are reforming their laws to prevent the over-prosecution of sex offenders and focusing on crimes involving a victim. In Colorado, an offender must re-register when moving to a new address, changing their legal name, employment, volunteer activity, identifying information used online or enrollment status at a post-secondary educational institution. It will be managed by the New Zealand Police and information will be shared between the Police, Child, Youth and Family , the Department of Corrections , the Ministry of Social Development , and the Department of Building and Housing —government agencies which deal with child safety. More than half of the children of sex offenders say that fellow students treat them worse due to a parent's RSO status. Montana, for example, has a publicly accessible violent offender registry that includes crimes such as aggravated assault, robbery, assaulting a police officer, both deliberate and non-deliberate homicide and a third conviction for domestic violence. France has implemented a national judicial sex offender database that has been adjudged to be legal by the European Court of Human Rights in the Gardel v.
According to a Department of Justice study, 5. If a felon in Florida is convicted of enough non-sexual felonies in a certain period of time, however, they are required to register for the rest of their life on a "Habitual Offender" registry that is available to the general public. Risk assessment tools consider factors that have been empirically linked by research to sexual recidivism risk. In , New Jersey enacted Megan's Law. In some states non-sexual offenses such as unlawful imprisonment may require sex offender registration. Instead, registration is a mandatory collateral consequence of criminal conviction. Depending on state, registration and notification systems may have special provisions for juveniles, habitual offenders or those deemed " sexual predators " by virtue of certain standards. Megan's mother, Maureen Kanka, started to lobby to change the laws, arguing that registration established by the Wetterling Act, was insufficient for community protection. If and when an offender is released from incarceration, they must confirm their registration status within five business days. Regardless of whether they are at work, offenders must extinguish all outside residential lighting and post a sign stating, "No candy or treats at this residence - sex offender at this residence". Some states have disclosed some of Tier I offenders,  while in some states all Tier I offenders are excluded from public disclosure. Sex offenders were about four times more likely than non-sex offenders to be arrested for another sex crime after their discharge from prison 5. Finally, some states use a hybrid of offense-based and risk-assessment-based systems for classification. Recidivism studies typically find that the older the prisoner when released, the lower the rate of recidivism. The Human Rights Watch organization criticized these laws in a page report published in ,  and in another report in In some jurisdictions especially in the United States , information in the registry is made available to the public via a website or other means. However, the study also found that making sex offender registration publicly available may deter some potential first time sex offenders from committing an offense that would get them on the registry in the first place. Two such approaches from this line of research have promise. In some states, they may also be barred from voting after a sentence has been completed and, at the federal level, barred from owning firearms, like all felons. Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Montana all have publicly accessible registries for those convicted of murder. Researchers and practitioners consider some factors as "static", such as age, number of prior sex offenses, victim gender, relationship to the victim, and indicators of psychopathy and deviant sexual arousal , and some other factors as "dynamic", such as an offender's compliance with supervision and treatment. The term sexual predator is often used to describe a sex offender or any of the "tier offenders"; however, only the category just below sexually-violent sexual predator is reserved for a severe or repeated sex offender: People listed on the register are prohibited from working with children or mentally disabled people, from managing institutions that care for children or mentally disabled people, and from being foster parents or adoptive parents. In the United States, the United Kingdom , and other countries, a convicted sex offender is often required to register with the respective jurisdiction's sex offender registry. Civil right groups,   law reform activists,    academics,   some child safety advocates,       politicians  and law enforcement officials  think that current laws often target the wrong people, swaying attention away from high-risk sex offenders, while severely impacting lives of all registrants,     and their families,   attempting to re-integrate to society.
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